Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterized by social ownership of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them. The Top 10 socialist countries in the world in 2012: China, Denmark, Finland, Netherlands, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Ireland, New Zealand, Belgium. Other countries who ascribe to this political ideology are Cuba, Venezuela, Greece and many others. Greece Illustrates 150 Years of Socialist Failure in Europe. There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, though social ownership is the common element shared by its various forms. Social ownership may refer to forms of public, collective or cooperative ownership, or to citizen ownership of equity. The Socialist Party of America was founded in 1901. • “Socialism is a philosophy of failure, the creed of ignorance, and the gospel of envy, its inherent virtue is the equal sharing of misery” — Sir Winston Churchill. • Garry Kasporov, former World Chess Champion, put it this way on Super Tuesday, 3/1/16: ” I’m enjoying the irony of American (Bernie) Sanders supporters lecturing me, a former Soviet citizen, on the glories of socialism. Socialism sounds great in speech soundbites and on Facebook, but please keep it there. in practice it corrodes not only the economy but the human spirit itself.” • As a great economist Milton Friedman once said, “If you put the government in charge of the Shara Dessert, in five years there’d be a shortage of sand.“ Centralized government control, which is what socialism is, inevitably, ultimately, stamps out individual creativity and talent and industriousness. Collectivism is soul-killing.

The Struggle for Liberty in Africa

by Magatte Wade,
from CATO's Letter,
Summer, 2019:

I was born in Senegal, on the west coast of Africa, and right around age seven the biggest question of my life came to me. Because right around that time, my family decided that I should join my parents in Germany.

There are two things I will never forget. The first is my grandmother telling me: “You are about to go to this place where almost no one is going to look like you. Literally not look like you. They’re going to have a different skin color.” And she said, “Also, most of them will be speaking a language you do not speak.

Back then I spoke French and Wolof, the traditional language of Senegal. And she said, “Also, those kids are engaged in a process that you have not been engaged in, which is going to school. But I don’t want any of that to intimidate you.Their different skin color is still a color of skin of a human. That language that they’re speaking might be different, but it is still a human language. They’re human and so are you. And going to school is something that little humans do. Therefore, let none of that intimidate you. Go over there and you’ll figure it out, because you are no less than anybody.” With that message, she sent me off.

So, I went to Germany, and I saw that all that my grandma had said was true, but another thing I immediately noticed was all this infrastructure around me. All these paved roads everywhere, and the fact that all the homes had a phone, even though back then it was still landlines. I turned a faucet and the water’s coming straight out, you know, it’s just all of these weird things. And to me, that was so strange. So my question at age seven was: “How come they have this, and we don’t?” And it became a lifelong question that I had to answer.

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