Abortion
The reasons why women have abortions are diverse and vary dramatically across the world. Some of the most common reasons are to postpone childbearing to a more suitable time or to focus energies and resources on existing children. Others include being unable to afford a child either in terms of the direct costs of raising a child or the loss of income while she is caring for the child, lack of support from the father, inability to afford additional children, desire to provide schooling for existing children, disruption of one's own education, relationship problems with their partner, a perception of being too young to have a child, unemployment, and not being willing to raise a child conceived as a result of rape or incest, among others. An additional factor is risk to maternal or fetal health, which was cited as the primary reason for abortion in over a third of cases in some countries and as a significant factor in only a single-digit percentage of abortions in other countries. An American study in 2002 concluded that about half of women having abortions were using a form of contraception at the time of becoming pregnant. Inconsistent use was reported by half of those using condoms and three-quarters of those using the birth-control pill; 42% of those using condoms reported failure through slipping or breakage. The Guttmacher Institute estimated that "most abortions in the United States are obtained by minority women" because minority women "have much higher rates of unintended pregnancy. Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice. 10 Abortion Arguments: 10 Arguments For Abortion, 10 Arguments Against Abortion. A majority of people in the United States believe abortion should be legal and regulated. These facts fly in the face of both sides of the argument. The left wants abortion to be free and easy to obtain. The right wants abortion outlawed. There is an obvious solution to this problem if the leadership of both parties would just step forward. But they don't.

House Backs Ban on Abortions After 20 Weeks

10/4/17
from The Wall Street Journal,
10/3/17:

Core Republican plank has President Donald Trump’s support but is unlikely to pass Senate.

The House passed a bill to criminalize abortions performed after 20 weeks of pregnancy on Tuesday, advancing a core plank of the Republican antiabortion push, which has President Donald Trump’s support but is likely to founder in the Senate. Republicans advanced the bill on a 237-189 largely party-line vote, the third time that similar legislation has passed the House since 2013. Three Democrats voted for the bill and two Republicans against it. Republican leaders acknowledge the bill isn’t likely to become law soon, given the difficulty of mustering the necessary 60 votes in the Senate. Republicans hold a 52-48 majority in that chamber and would face a challenge in attracting Democratic votes. If the bill passed, it would also face a constitutional challenge under the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade ruling that legalized abortion. The bill’s proponents hope that in holding the vote, they can raise the issue’s profile and put lawmakers on the record before the 2018 midterm elections. “If this bill is signed into law, we know that unborn babies in this country will survive,” said Carol Tobias, president of the National Right to Life Committee, an antiabortion group. “But it’s also an educational tool.”

Democrats also complained about the vote’s timing, given the Sunday night shooting in Las Vegas and post-hurricane recovery efforts under way in Puerto Rico. “This is a time for Congress to be focused on solutions, working together and doing everything we can to help those who are suffering rebuild and recover,” said Sen. Patty Murray (D., Wash.). Rep. Roger Marshall (R., Kan.), who worked as an obstetrician-gynecologist before winning his House seat last year, said on the House floor Tuesday that he has worked to save the life of babies being delivered prematurely.

“How can we live in a world where we’re trying to save that baby’s life in one room” while elsewhere people are having abortions, he asked. “We have to ban these late-term abortions.”

Republicans say that a 20-week ban would help avoid abortions that are performed when a fetus can experience pain and may be viable. The bill would exempt those undertaken when the life of the mother is at risk or in cases of rape and incest. Abortion-rights backers say research shows that sensory structures aren’t developed enough in fetuses at 20 weeks to feel pain, and that fetuses aren’t viable at 20 weeks. Research suggests that fetuses born at 22 weeks can in some cases survive with medical intervention, experts say, though abortions performed at that stage in a pregnancy often occur because of fetal abnormalities. Republicans have struggled to establish national restrictions on abortion in recent years, but they have had more success at the state level. Twenty states have passed bans on abortions performed after 20 weeks or a similar period.

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